LAMP之安装PHP5,安装PHP7

阿豪 20-02-03 584阅读

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安装PHP5

PHP官网www.php.net

当前主流版本为5.6/7.1

进入安装包存放目录:cd /usr/local/src/

下载php5.6.31包:# wget http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-5.6.31.tar.gz

解压php:tar zxvf php-5.6.31.tar.gz

进入解压出来的php目录:cd php-5.6.31

编译

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php  --with-apxs2=/usr/local/httpd/bin/apxs  --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql  --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql  --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config  --with-libxml-dir  --with-gd  --with-jpeg-dir  --with-png-dir  --with-freetype-dir  --with-iconv-dir  --with-zlib-dir  --with-bz2  --with-openssl   --with-mcrypt  --enable-soap  --enable-gd-native-ttf  --enable-mbstring  --enable-sockets  --enable-exif

1、错误如下:

Sorry, I cannot run apxs.  Possible reasons follow:

1. Perl is not installed

2. apxs was not found. Try to pass the path using –with-apxs2=/path/to/apxs

3. Apache was not built using –enable-so (the apxs usage page is displayed)

The output of /usr/local/apache/bin/apxs follows:

./configure: /usr/local/apache/bin/apxs: not found

configure: error: Aborting

解决方法如下:

找到apache目录下的apxs脚本文件,然后编辑它,把第一行的注释的地方修改为perl的可执行路径(首先要保证你安装过perl,没有安装请先行安装),如

yum install perl perl-devel

# vi /usr/local/httpd/bin/apxs

修改成

#!/usr/bin/perl -w

####原来为 /replace/with/path/to/perl/interpreter

2、错误:configure: error: xml2-config not found. Please check your libxml2 installation.

解决方法如下:yum install libxml2-devel -y

3、错误:configure: error: Cannot find OpenSSL's <evp.h>

解决方法如下: # yum install openssl-devel -y

4、错误configure: error: Please reinstall the BZip2 distribution

解决方法如下:yum install -y bzip2-devel -y

5、错误:configure: error: jpeglib.h not found.

解决方法如下:yum install -y libjpeg-devel -y

6、错误configure: error: png.h not found.

解决方法如下:yum install -y libpng-devel -y

7、错误configure: error: freetype-config not found.

解决方法如下:yum install -y freetype-devel

8、错误configure: error: mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt.

解决方法如下:# yum install epel-release

# yum install -y libmcrypt-devel

重新执行configure,最后显示如下

image.png

# make && make install

执行完后如下

image.png

php的安装目录下有这些目录

image.png

查看加载的模块# /usr/local/php/bin/php -m

image.png

他是以apache模块加载的

image.png

安装PHP7

进入安装目录存放地址:cd /usr/local/src/

下载php7.1.6包:wget  http://mirrors.sohu.com/php/php-7.1.6.tar.gz

解压:tar zxvf  php-7.1.6.tar.gz

进入php-7.1.6目录:cd php-7.1.6

编译(编译方法和编译php5的差不多)

# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php7 --with-apxs2=/usr/local/httpd/bin/apxs --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php7/etc   --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-libxml-dir --with-gd --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-freetype-dir --with-iconv-dir    --with-zlib-dir    --with-bz2   --with-openssl    --with-mcrypt --enable-soap    --enable-gd-native-ttf --enable-mbstring  --enable-sockets --enable-exif 

# make && make install

ls /usr/local/apache2.4/modules/libphp7.so

拷贝配置文件:cp php.ini-production  /usr/local/php7/etc/php.ini

拷贝配置文件:cp php.ini-production  /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini


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